• Discover the Effects of Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency on Your Oral Health

    by Diana Wu, DDS
    on Jan 27th, 2018

Are you suffering from an ulcer in your mouth that keeps coming back? Or excessive cavities that never seem to stop developing? Our team at Issaquah Premier Dental believes that a balanced nutrition with a healthy lifestyle is key to maintaining a good physical, mental and emotional health. Read below to learn how certain vitamin and mineral deficiencies can result in conditions that appear as symptoms within the oral cavity, or how they may affect the development of oral structures.



Deficiencies can present as:


Who are at risk?

B complex

(B2, B3, B6 and B12)


-     Stomatitis- inflammation and pain of the mouth

-     Glossitis- inflammation and pain of the tongue

-     Oral Ulcers

Elderly, on medications (please see table 1 below), chronic alcoholism, those with malabsorptive syndromes, and vegetarian/vegan diets

Vitamin C

Deficiency will result in Scurvy with the following oral symptoms:

-     Initial: Inflammation of gums

-     Advanced:

      Poor wound healing

      Inflamed, bleeding gingiva

      Loosening of teeth

Elderly, chronic alcoholism or drugs, smokers, infants and children whose primary source of nutrition is cow’s milk, end stage renal disease on chronic hemodialysis, and those with malabsorptive conditions

Vitamin A

-     Brittleness

-     Salivary gland degeneration

-     Increased risk of cavities

Infants and children in many developing countries, premature infants, those with cystic fibrosis, and those with other conditions causing fat malabsorption

Vitamin D

-     Underdevelopment of enamel and dentin (the   outer and inner layer of the tooth)

-     Delayed eruption, tooth loss (if inadequate levels during tooth formation)

Infants exclusively breastfed, and infants consuming less than 1L of formula per day (breastmilk alone contains insufficient levels of the vitamin)**

Other risk factors include older age (due to decreased efficiency of synthesis at the skin), living at higher latitudes, medications, kidney disease, and vegan diets




Calcium and Phosphorus

Inadequate intake of calcium during pregnancy may result in:

-     Bone deformities

-     Incomplete tooth calcification

-     Tooth malformation

-     Increased susceptibility to caries after tooth eruption

Inadequate intake through childhood and into adolescence will lead to:

-     Osteopenia, or decreased bone density and mass

If unaddressed, will lead to:

 -   Osteoporosis – disorder where

bone becomes porous, brittle

and subject to fracture

-    Tooth mobility and premature

tooth loss result

-       Severe periodontal disease

-       Reduced strength of jaw bone

Elderly, postmenopausal women, amenorrheic women, those with eating disorders, those with lactose intolerance or allergies to cow’s milk, and vegans


Greater risk of cavities

People living in areas with non-fluoridated water supply

** American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that all breastfed infants, and non-breastfed who do not ingest at least 1L of vitamin-D fortified formula daily, receive a supplemental 400 IU of vitamin D per day, which is readily available in liquid formulations.


 If you are taking any of these medications, you may be at risk of certain vitamin deficiencies:



To help improve your diet, here is a table that contains food sources from where you can get these vitamins:


Finally, listed below is the recommended diet for healthy eating:


We hope you learned some helpful tips in improving your diet and maintaining proper amounts of vitamins and minerals in your daily meals. Please leave a comment below for any questions or suggestions on future topics, and make sure to join own email list to receive our blogs!

Summarized from: Pflipsen, MD, Matthew, Zenchenko, MD, Yevgeniy. Nutrition for oral health and oral manifestations of poor nutrition and unhealthy habits. General Dentisty, Vol 65 Number 6. Nov/Dec 2017. 


Author Diana Wu, DDS Dr. Wu is passionate about educating you on your oral health, as well as how it relates to your overall general health. For any questions or topic suggestions, please send us an email or leave a comment below. Thank you for stopping by!
Issaquah Premier Dental
1740 NW Maple St, Suite 209
Issaquah, WA 98027
Phone: 425-654-8601
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